Bibliography on ribbon loudspeakers



Troubleshooting & Repairing Consumer Electronics Without a Schematic (Paperback) by Homer L. Davidson. 461 pages Publisher: McGraw-Hill/TAB Electronics; 3 edition (January 15, 2004) Available at
Loudspeaker and Headphone Handbook by John Borwick, third edition, 2001 Focal Press, Oxford, ISBN: 0240513711. Contains a mathematically detailed description of ESL operation written by Peter Baxandall, including enough detail about the venerable Quad ESL63 to allow close duplication of the design (if you're so inclined). (Mark Rehorst) Available at




'Ribbon Loudspeaker' P.L. Taylor, Wireless World, pp. 7-12 (1951 January).  
The Analysis of Transduction and Its Historical Background, F.V. Hunt, Electroacoustics, Amer. Inst. Phys., for Acoust. Soc. America, pp. 78-79, (1954, 1982).  
Acoustical Engineering, H.F. Olson, Van Nostrand Company Ltd. (1957), reprinted by Professional Audio Journals, Inc. PO Box 31718, Philadelphia, PA (1991).  
'Loudspeakers for Model Investigations' A. Boleslav, J. Audio Eng. Soc., vol. 18, no. 4, pp.378-383 (1970 August).  
'Radiation Impedance of a Long Narrow Rectangular Piston in a Plane Baffle' O.A. Lindemann, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 52, pp. 1045-1048, (1972).  
'Twin-Ribbon Speaker' A.E. Falkus, Wireless World, vol.79, no. 1417, pp.29-30, (1973 January).  
'Near and farfield of strip-shaped acoustic radiators' C.J. Drost, J. Acoustic Soc. Am., vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 565-572 (1979 March).  
'Simple Ribbon Tweeters' M.L. Lampton and J.H. Primbsch,Speaker Builder, vol. 3, pp. 7-13 & 14, (1984).  
'Theory of electrodynamic high-frequency loudspeakers' H. Mayr, Alta Frequenza, vol. LIV, no. 2, pp. 64-69, (1985 March-April).  
"Modified Strathearn Ribbon Speaker" D. Spangler and M.D. McKenzie, Speaker Builder, No. 3 (1985).  
'La Folia: A Kitchen Bench Ribbon Speaker' O. Thofte, Speaker Builder, vol. 1, pp.9-17, (1988).  
'A Low-Cost Two-Way Ribbon System' R. Painter, Speaker Builder, vol. 4, pp.38-40, 58, (1988).  
'Radiation Impedance Calculations for a Rectangular Piston' G. Bank & J.R. Wright, J. Audio Eng. Soc., vol. 38, no. 5 (1990 May).  
'Banking on it... Robert Harley talks to loudspeaker designer Graham Bank, of Celestion' R. Hartley, Stereophile, pp. 103-108, (1990 May).  
'On The Acoustic Impedance of Baffled Strip Radiators' S.P. Lipshitz & T.C. Scott, J. Audio Eng. Soc., vol. 43, no. 7/8 (1995 July/August).  
'Comparisons between the Measured and Computed Performance of Ribbon Loudspeakers' G. Bank and M.O.J. Hawksford, J. Audio Eng. Soc. Preprint 4210 (J-7), presented at 100th Convention, Copenhagen, (1996 May).  
'Measuring Driver Flux Density' D. Jenkins, Speaker Builder, vol. 3, pp. 46-51, (1996).  
'The Rebirth of a Ribbon Loudspeaker' A.L. Butler and J.L. Butler, presented at 133th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, State College, PA, (1997 June).  
'Of Mass and Resistance' A. Deniz, Speaker Builder, vol. 4., pp. 36-42, (1997).  
'Classical Ribbon Loudspeakers' R. Sequerra, Internet-based Essay, (1998).  
'Ribbons Made Easy' J.V. Verhagen, AudioXPress, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 56 - 63, (2001 May). [Thanks to Justus Verhagen]  


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